The human population has increased drastically, which has caused a decrease in global biodiversity. Deforestation and climate change are also major contributors to the loss of biodiversity.
The loss of biodiversity
The loss of biodiversity has numerous harmful effects on humans. Pollination and seed dispersal are two of the most important ecological services that animals provide to humans. The loss of pollinators is harming agriculture and the food supply.
The human population and its demand for resources has also put pressure on animals and plants to be used for food and medicines. The use of animal and plant species for these purposes has caused a decrease in their population.
The decline in the population of these species poses a threat to human health and to the economy. The loss of biodiversity can also lead to the extinction of species. It is estimated that at least 100 species become extinct every year.
The loss of biodiversity is a global problem that could potentially lead to the collapse of the ecosystem. However, the loss of biodiversity is not inevitable.
How to prevent the loss of biodiversity?
There are several actions that the international community and individual countries can take to prevent the loss of biodiversity. Some of these actions include:
- Increasing the protected areas
The total amount of protected areas is relatively small, ranging from 1.5% to 14% of the land area. The protected areas, however, protect many of the species that are in danger.
There is a need to increase the amount of protected areas and to make sure that the violations against these areas are reduced.
- Reducing the use of harmful pesticides
The use of harmful pesticides has led to the decline in the number of species. These pesticides have harmful effects on the environment and the biodiversity.
The use of pesticides for agriculture has been increasing rapidly. These pesticides can have negative impacts on the ecosystem and the animals that currently live there.
- Reducing the use of fertilizers
Fertilizers are also harmful to the environment and also to the animals that live there. The harmful effects of fertilizers on the ecosystem and the animals have led to the loss of biodiversity. The use of fertilizers has increased rapidly over the past few decades.
- Developing sustainable farming
There is a need to find alternatives to harmful chemicals and fertilizers. These alternatives are referred to as sustainable agriculture. Sustainable agriculture is the use of farming methods that are not harmful to the environment.
Sustainable agriculture is a way of farming that is not harmful to the environment. Sustainable methods of farming have been adopted in many countries.
These methods include the use of natural fertilizers instead of artificial ones. Sustainable agriculture is able to provide food for the increasing human population without harming the environment.
- Increasing the funding for environmental protection
Many countries are not able to protect their ecosystems and the species that live there. There is a need to increase the amount of funding for environmental protection.
- Restoring forests
Forests cover 30% of the land on Earth. The deforestation of forests has led to the loss of biodiversity. The restoration of forests will help to increase the biodiversity. Many species that are currently in danger can be saved by the restoration of forests.
The restoration of forests will also increase the temperature and water retention in the soil and help to increase the carbon capture. These factors will help to decrease the effects of climate change.